How to Summarize a Paragraph

How to Summarize a Paragraph

Summarizing a paragraph can be an overwhelming task, especially when you’re dealing with long and complex pieces of writing. But, with the right skills and techniques, you can do it in no time. In this article, we’ll provide you with some tips and tricks on how to summarize a paragraph effectively.

Why Is Summarizing Important?

Before we dive into the techniques, let’s take a look at why summarizing is essential. In brief, summarizing a paragraph enables you to:

  • Comprehend the information effectively
  • Identify the most critical points
  • Eliminate redundancy
  • Condense complex information into a digestible format
    With these points in mind, here’s how to summarize a paragraph.

Familiarize Yourself with the Text

Before you start summarizing, it’s crucial to have a good understanding of the text. Skim through the paragraph to get an idea of what it’s all about. Identify the main idea and any supporting points that follow.

Use Transition Words

Transition words are essential when summarizing a paragraph. They create a smooth flow of ideas and help you connect one sentence or thought to the next. Some of the transition words that you can use include:

  • Overall
  • Specifically
  • In conclusion
  • In contrast
  • Furthermore

Use Active Voice

Active voice makes your summary more concise and easier to understand. It also makes your writing sound more engaging and dynamic. Instead of writing, “The decision was made to start the project,” write “They decided to start the project.”

Use a Variety of Sentences

Having a variety of sentence structures makes your summary more engaging and less repetitive. Mix simple, compound, and complex sentences to make your writing more interesting. For example:

  • Simple sentence: The study found that coffee drinkers are more likely to live longer
  • Compound sentence: The study found that coffee drinkers are more likely to live longer, but the results are inconclusive as the sample size was small
  • Complex sentence: Despite the limitations of the study, the results suggest that there may be a correlation between drinking coffee and longevity.

Keep it Short

Avoid lengthy paragraphs when summarizing. Stick to the most crucial points and eliminate any information that’s not essential. Ideally, your summary should be between two and four sentences long.

Use Short Words

Using short words makes your summary easier to understand. Choose words that are between one to three syllables long. Instead of “utilize,” use “use.” Instead of “extensive,” use “big.”


To sum up what we’ve discussed, here are two examples of how to summarize a paragraph:


“The new tax regulations have caused a stir among small business owners. Many are concerned about the impact it will have on their bottom line. However, some believe that these new regulations will help level the playing field and promote fair competition among businesses.”


The new tax regulations have caused many small business owners to worry about their finances, but others feel that they will create fair competition.


“The study found that children who were read to at an early age performed better academically. In contrast, children who didn’t receive this kind of attention were more likely to struggle in school. Overall, the study highlights the importance of early childhood education for future success.”


Reading to children at a young age can improve their academic performance and promote future success.


Summarizing a paragraph is a skill that takes time to master. With practice, however, it can become second nature. Keep these tips in mind, and soon enough, you’ll be able to condense lengthy paragraphs into bite-sized pieces of information.

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